HTML vs CSS vs. Javascript: Whats the Difference?

So if you want to become a web developer, you need to learn them well. Go to the Extensions view (⇧⌘X (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+X)) and type ‘html’ to see a list of relevant extensions to help with creating and editing HTML. The HTML language support performs validation on all embedded JavaScript and CSS.


Your brain has been programmed to react in a certain way or do certain things whenever something happens. In this same way, you can program your web page or individual elements to react a certain way and to do something when something else (an event) happens. You can also use CSS to layout elements by positioning them in specified areas of your page. This is a paragragh As you can see, I placed an empahisis on the word “paragraph”.

What is CSS?

The h1 selects all level 1 headings in the page, the h2 selects the level 2 elements, and so on. You can select any single HTML element you want and specify how you want it to look or be positioned. If you remember our example HTML page, we had elements which were pretty self-explanatory. For example, I stated that I would change the color of the level one heading h1 to red. With CSS you can set the colour and background of your elements, as well as the typeface, margins, spacing, padding and so much more.


While HTML focuses on content and structure, CSS enhances the visual appearance of web pages. Both are essential skills for anyone looking to excel in Web Development or Web Design. W3C standards define an open web platform for application development. The web has the unprecedented potential to enable developers to build rich interactive experiences, that can be available on any device. The CSS border property defines a border
around an HTML element.

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CSS is employed to style HTML elements and enhance their visual appeal. By applying CSS rules, developers can customise the appearance of elements defined in HTML. Since HTML is a markup language to define the web pages structure or organization, the same format and syntax cannot be used in CSS sheets. On the other hand CSS is independent of HTML and will be usable with many of the markup languages which are XML-based. CSS is a style sheet language responsible for the presentation of documents written in a markup language.


As for the backend, you should consider learning languages like Python, Ruby, and PHP. HTML is used for defining the structure of all the content of a web page or a collection of web pages (website). HTML contains several tags for different specific purposes. These tags provide display information to the browser, meaning each tag has predefined display information, e.g. tag defines hyperlink which is used to navigate to other web pages.

Most Popular Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

You can select a single or multiple web elements and specify how you want them to look or be positioned. If you are building anything other than a demo, you will need to add some basic styling to make it more presentable. In our example, we set the id attributes to all of the three span elements.

Thus, it provides various additional features to the HTML language. It basically reduces the overall work by controlling the layout present in the web pages. The CSS language is very easy to maintain, and it comes with commendable community support. CSS is a style sheet language that’s focused almost entirely on improving the presentation of HTML elements.


In this blog, you will learn about CSS and HTML and the Difference Between HTML and CSS. By the end, you will get an idea of which one is better and what to choose. Web standards are blueprints –or building blocks– of a consistent and harmonious digitally connected world. They are implemented in browsers, blogs, search engines, and other software that power our experience on the web. The head of an HTML document contains all of the information needed for a web page to load or be listed on search engines – all of which are meta information you won’t directly see on a webpage.

  • Most modern websites come with a menu button that can be clicked to display a selection of areas on the website that you can navigate to.
  • These tags provide display information to the browser, meaning each tag has predefined display information, e.g. tag defines hyperlink which is used to navigate to other web pages.
  • In this post, we’ll cover the key difference between HTML and CSS.
  • While CSS is a static programming language, it can be used to make your website appear visually pleasing and modern.
  • Web standards are blueprints –or building blocks– of a consistent and harmonious digitally connected world.
  • By setting html.customData to a list of JSON files following the custom data format, you can enhance VS Code’s understanding of new HTML tags, attributes and attribute values.

In this way, the web page’s heading and content structure can be implemented. HTML document type declaration is another component of HTML. HTML documents normally consist of a structure of nested HTML elements.


You can fold regions of source code using the folding icons on the gutter between line numbers and line start. Folding regions are available for all HTML elements for multiline comments in the source code. Move the mouse over HTML tags or embedded styles and JavaScript to get more information on the symbol under the cursor. The main entry point for CSS documentation on MDN, where you’ll find detailed reference documentation for all features of the CSS language.


Both HTML and CSS go hand-in-hand in building or developing a web page of any website, but both of them serve a very different and unique purpose. When a user clicks on that hypertext, they basically click on that provided link, and thus they get redirected to a new page (web page). In other words, hypertext lets two or more HTML documents/ web pages link with each other. It increases the standards and overall look of the website that makes it easier for the user to interact with it.

What Can You Do With JavaScript?

HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, provides the structural framework for web pages, defining elements such as headings, paragraphs, and links. On the other hand, CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, controls the presentation and layout of these elements, allowing developers to customize colors, fonts, and positioning. While HTML focuses on the structure, CSS enhances the aesthetics, making them indispensable companions in building engaging web experiences. HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are core web scripting languages for building web pages and applications. HTML provides web pages’ structure, whereas CSS is mainly used to control web pages’ styling and layout (visual and aural). HTML provides tags that surround the content of any web page elements.

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As a web developer, the three main languages we use to build websites are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Together, we use these three languages css web development to format, design, and program web pages. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and you use it to improve the appearance of a web page.

CSS plays a vital role in establishing a consistent brand identity across a website. Professionals skilled in CSS can create visually cohesive websites that align with a company’s branding guidelines. The CSS font-family property defines the font to be used.

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